MISCELLANEOUS REFERENCES

These are referred to in information that I have posted, or are related to my research interests, or.... The presence of this page helps ensure that I credit the sources that I consult in developing the information on the Intermountain Herbarium's Web site. Each reference is labeled with a bookmark that consists of the author's name (concatenated last names if two authors, first author's last name plus "etal" if three or more authors) concatenated with the date of publication, e.g., Arnow1987, AsayDewey1979, Atkinsetal1984. I am starting to add keywords, but these may be partly of my choosing. [M.E. Barkworth]

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ainouche, M.L. and R.J. Bayer. 1997. On the origins of the tetraploid Bromus species (Section Bromus, Poaceae): Insights from internal transcribed spacer sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Genome 40:730-743.

Allen, L.S. and M. Curto. 1995. Nearly noteworthy collections. Sego Lily 18(3) [May/June, no pagination].

Alston, R.E. and B.L. Turner. 1963. Biochemical Systematics. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. [A classic now, but useful for unchanging information].

Amme, D. and S.W. Edwards. 1988. Needlegrass notes. Four Seasons 8:28-34.

Aris-Brosou, S. 2004. Least and most productive phylogenetic tests to elucidate the origin of the seed plants in the presence of conflicting signals under misspecified models. Systematic Biology 52:781-793. [Ginkgo always with gymnosperms].

Arnow, L. 1987. Gramineae. Pp. 684-788 in Welsh et al., A Utah Flora.

Arnow, L. 1993. Gramineae. Pp. 775-832 in Welsh et al., A Utah Flora, ed. 2.

Asay, K.H. and D.R. Dewey. 1979. Bridging ploidy differences in crested wheatgrass with hexaploid diploid hybrids. Crop Science 19:519-523.

Asay, K.H., K.B. Jensen, C. Hsiao, and D.R. Dewey. 1992. Probable origin of standard crested wheatgrass, Agropyron desertorum Fisch. ex Link, Schultes. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 72:763-772.

Asay, K.H. and D.A. Johnson. 1997. Genotype × competition level interactions in crested wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum (Poaceae: Triticeae). International Journal of Plant Science 158:851-855.

Assadi, M.1995. Meiotic configuration and chromosome number in some Iranian species of Elymus L. and Agropyron Gaertner (Poaceae: Triticeae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 117:159-168.

Assadi, M. and H. Runemark. 1995. Hybridization, genomic constitution and generic delimitation in Elymus s.l. (Poaceae, Triticeae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 194:189-205.

Atkins, R.J., M.E. Barkworth, and D.R. Dewey. 1984. A taxonomic study of Leymus ambiguus and L. salinus (Poaceae: Triticeae). Systematic Botany 9:279-294.

Avdulov, N.P. 1931. Karyo-systematische Untersuchung der Familie Gramineen. Trudy po Prikladnoi Botanike, Genetike i Selektsii [Bulletin of Applied Botany, Genetics and Plant Breeding], Suppl. 43 [cited in Myers 1947].

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Baden, C. 1991. A taxonomic revision of Psathyrostachys (Poaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany. 11:3-26.

Baden, C. and R. von Bothmer. 1994. A taxonomic revision of Hordeum sect. Critesion. Nordic Journal of Botany14:117-136.

Baden, C., I. Linde-Laursen, and D.R. Dewey. 1990. A new Chinese species of Psathyrostachys (Poaceae) with notes on its karyotype. Nordic Journal of Botany. 9:449-460.

Barkworth, M.E. 1983. Ptilagrostis Griseb. in North America and its relationship to other taxa in the Stipeae (Gramineae). Systematic Botany 8:395-415.

Barkworth, M.E. 1990. Nassella (Gramineae, Stipeae): Revised interpretation and nomenclatural changes. Taxon 39:597-614.

Barkworth, M.E. 1993. North American Stipeae (Gramineae): Taxonomic changes and other comments. Phytologia 74:1-25.

Barkworth, M.E. and R.J. Atkins. 1984. Leymus Hochst. (Gramineae: Triticeae) in North America: Taxonomy and distribution. American Journal of Botany 71:609-625.

Barkworth, M.E., R.L. Burkhamer, and L.E. Talbert. 1996. Elymus calderi: A new species in the Triticeae (Poaceae). Systematic Botany 21:349-354.

Barkworth, M.E. and J.N.N. Campbell. [in prep.]. Elymus. Pp. ?-? in Barkworth et al., Manual of North American Grasses.

Barkworth, M.E. and K.M. Capels. 2000. The Poaceae in North America: A geographic perspective. Pp. 327-346 in S.W.L. Jacobs and J. Everett (eds). Grasses: Systematics and Evolution. International Symposium on Grass Systematics and Evolution (3rd:1998). CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia.

Barkworth, M.E., K.M. Capels, M.B. Piep, and S. Long (eds.). [in prep.]. Manual of North American Grasses.

Barkworth, M.E. and S.W. Clyde. 1996a. Collaborative development of a Virtual Herbarium. Northwest Science.

Barkworth, M.E. and S.W. Clyde. 1996b. A Virtual Herbarium: What purpose would one serve and how should it be developed? American Journal of Botany 83:142. [Abstract].

Barkworth, M.E. and D.R. Dewey. 1985. Genomically based genera in the perennial Triticeae of North America: Identification and membership. American Journal of Botany 72:767-776.

Baum, B.R. 1979. The genus Elymus in Canada--Bowden's generic concept and key reappraised and relectotypification of E. canadensis. Canadian Journal of Botany 42:547-601.

Baum, B.R. and L.G. Bailey. 1997. The molecular diversity of the 5S sRNA gene in Kengyilia alatavica (Drobov) J.L. Yang, Yen, & Baum (Poaceae: Triticeae): Potential genomic assignment of rDNA units. Genome 40:215-228.

Baum, B.R., J.-L. Yang, and C. Yen. 1995. Taxonomic separation of Kengyilia (Poaceae: Triticeae) in relation to nearest related Roegneria, Elymus, and Agropyron, based on some morphological characters. Plant Systematics and Evolution 194:123-132.

Baum, B.R., C. Yen, and J.-L. Yang. 1991. Roegneria: Its generic limits and justification for its recognition. Canadian Journal of Botany 69:282-294.

Bayon, N.D. 1998. Cladistic anlaysis of the Briza complex. Cladistics 14:287-296.

Bentham, G. 1882. Notes on Gramineae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 18:14-134.

Beristain, O.O., A. Valiente-Banuet, P. Dávila and R. Medina. 1996. Tipos de vegetacion y diversidad beta en el valle de Zapotitlan de las Salinas, Puebal, México. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 59:35-58. Keywords: Biodiversity, Synecology, Mexico.

Besse, P., C.L. McIntyre, D.M. Burner, and C.G. de Almeida. 1997. Using genomic slot blot hybridization to assess intergeneric Saccharum × Erianthus hybrids (Andropogoneae - Saccharinae). Genome 40:428-432.

Bittner, R.T. and D.J. Gibson. 1998. Microhabitat relations of the rare reed bent grass, Calamagrostis porteri subsp. insperata (Poaceae), with implications for its conservation. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85-69-80.

Bohling, N. and H. Scholz. 2003. The Gramineae (Poaceae) Flora of the Southern Aegean Islands (Greece). Bericht der Institut für Landschafts- und Pflanzenökologie, Universität Hohenheim, Beiheft 16.

Borre, A. van den and L. Watson. 1997. On the classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 10:491-531. Keywords: Chloridoideae, Eragrostideae, Chlorideae, Cladistics, Phenetics, Morphology, DELTA, Pappophoreae, Orcuttieae, Triodieae.

Borrill, M. 1955. Breeding systems and compatibility in Glyceria. Nature 175:561-563.

Bothmer, R. von. 1979. Revision of the Asiatic taxa of Hordeum sect. Stenostachys. Botanisk Tidsskrift 74:117-147.

Bothmer, R. von. 1996. Distribution and habitat preferences in the genus Hordeum in Iran and Turkey. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 98b (Suppl.):107-116.

Bothmer, R. von, N. Jacobsen, R.B. Jørgensen, and I. Linde-Laursen. 1991. An Ecogeographical Study of the Genus Hordeum. Systematic and Ecogeographic Studies on Crop Genepools 7. International Board for Crop Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy.

Bothmer, R. von, B.-R. Lu, and I. Linde-Laursen. 1994. Intergeneric hybridization and C-banding patterns in Hordelymus (Triticeae, Poaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 189:259-266.

Bowden, W.M. 1960. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses II. Tribe Festuceae. Canadian Journal of Botany 38:117-131.

Bowden, W.M. 1960. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic note on northern grasses. III. Twenty-five genera. Canadian Journal of Botany 38:541-557.

Bowden, W.M. and H.A. Senn. 1962. Chromosome numbers in 28 grass genera from South America. Canadian Journal of Botany 40:1115-1124.

Boyle, W.S. 1945. A cytotaxonomic study of the North American species of Melica. Madroño 8:1-26.

Bridson, G.D.R. and E.R. Smith (eds.). 1991. Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum/Supplementum. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Brummitt, R.K. and C.E. Powell. 1992. Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England.

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Cai, K.-B. and Z.-L. Wu. 1997. Studies on the biosystematic relationships and geographic distribution of Trikeraia Bor and Stephanachne Keng. Bulletin of Botanical Research 17:380-388. In Chinese. Keywords: Stipeae, Trikeraia, Stephanachne, Phytogeography, Relationships. [The abstract, which is in English, states that, within the Stipeae, Stephanachne and Trikeraia are most closely related, with Stephanachne being more advanced. Both appear to have evolved in Xizang. It appears to be based on morphological data but, not being able to read Chinese, that is all I know].

Cai, L.-B. 2001a. A new species and a new variety of Leymus Hochst. (Poaceae) from Qinghai, China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 39(1):75-77.

Cai, L.-B. 2001b. Geographical distribution of Kengyilia Yen & J.L. Yang (Poaceae). Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 39(3):248-259.

Camara-Hernadez, J. and S. Gambino. 1997. Morphology, origin, and evolution of Coix lacryma-jobi L. (Poaceae). Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 70:53-78.

Campbell, J.J.N. 1995. New combinations in eastern North American Elymus (Poaceae). Novon 5:128.

Caro, J.A. 1966. Las especies de Stipa (Gramineae) de la region central Argentina. Kurtziana 3:7-119.

Caro, J.A. and E. Sanchez. 1971. La identidad de Stipa brachychaeta Godron, S. caudata Trinius y S. bertrandii Philippi. Darwinia 16(3-4):637-653.

Caro, J.A. and E. Sanchez. 1973. Las especies de Stipa (Gramineae) del subgénero Jarava. Kurtziana 7:61-116.

Catalan, P., E.A. Kellogg, and R.G. Olmstead. 1997. Phylogeny of Poaceae subfamily Pooideae based on chloroplast ndhF gene sequences. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 8:150-166. Keywords: Pooideae, DNA.

Cauderon, Y. 1966. Genome analysis in the genus Agropyron. Proceedings of the Second International Wheat Genetics Symposium, Lund, Sweden 1963. Hereditas, Suppl. Vol. 2:218-234.

Cerling, T.E., J.M. Harris, B.J. McFadden, M.G. Leakey, J. Quade, V. Eisenmann, and J.R. Ehleringer. 1997. Global vegetation change throught the Miocene/Pliocene boundary. Nature 389:153-158.

Charmet, G., C. Ravel, and F. Balfourier. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis in the Festuca-Lolium complex using molecular markers and ITS rDNA. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 94:1038-1046. ["The genus Festuca appears to be a highly polyphyletic clade, considering the high level of divergence between fine-leaved and broad-leaved groups. The genera Vulpia and Dactylis seem to be included in the genus Festuca, although the node is less certain for Dactylis....Within the subgenus Schedonorus, tall fescue and meadow fescue are closely related to each other and to the Lolium species....It should be particularly stressed that the genus Lolium is of very recent origin, and its interior nodes are consequently not resolved with certainty. A practical consequence of this is that the genus Lolium should be regarded as a single entity as far as its use as a genetic resource for the breeding programmes of cultivated species is concerned." It is hard to see how this paper can be interpreted as providing support for the treatment of Schedonorus and Lolium as separate genera].

Charters, Y.M., A. Robertson, and M.J. Wilkinson. 1996. PCR analysis of oilseed rape cultivars (Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera) using 5'-anchored simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 92:442-447.

Chrtek, J. and E. Hadac. 1969. A contribution to the grass flora of Iraq. Candollea 24:159-181.

Cialdella, A.M. and M. Arriaga. 1998. Revisión de las especies Sudamericanas del género Piptochaetium (Poaceae, Poodieae, Stipeae). Darwinia 36:107-157.

Clayton, W.D. and S.A. Renvoize. 1986. Genera Graminum: Grasses of the World. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XIII. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

Clyde, S.W. and M.E. Barkworth. 1996. The software behind the Virtual Herbarium. American Journal of Botany, 83:147-148. [Abstract].

Cody, W.J. 1996. Flora of the Yukon Territory. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Columbus, J.T., M.S. Kinney, R. Pant, and M. E.S. Delgado. 1998. Cladistic parsimony analysis of internal transcribed spacer region (nrDNA) sequences of Bouteloua and relatives (Gramineae: Chloridoideae). Aliso 17(2):99-130. Keywords: DNA, Poaceae, Chloridoideae, Bouteloua, Artificial taxonomy. [The article claims that the results show that there has been extensive homoplasy in morphological, anatomical, and breeding systems traits. This is based on the assumption that cladistic analysis of one bit of DNA gives an accurate protrayal of the the phylogeny of the species involved. Classifications based on a single character, no matter how the data for that character are analysed, are artificial. It may be true that the more traditional characters exhibit extensive homoplasy, but this paper should only be regarded as a single indication that they may do so, not developing a strong case for such a conclusion].

Connor, H.E. 1994. Indigenous New Zealand Triticeae: Gramineae. New Zealand Journal of Botany 32:125-154.

Connor, H.E., B.P. Molloy, and M.I. Dawson. 1993. Australopyrum (Triticeae: Gramineae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 31:1-10.

Cronberg, N., B. Widen, and R. von Bothmer. 1997. Genetic diversity and phenotypic variation in marginal populations of the locally endangered specis Hordeum secalinum (Poaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 206:285-294.

Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York. [An excellent reference for information about plant families, as interpreted in the early part of the twentieth century. The illustrations, which are excellent, are explicitly released from copyright].

Cronquist, A., N.H. Holmgren, and P.K. Holmgren. 1997. Intermountain Flora: Subclass Rosidae except Fabales, vol. 3, part 3a. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

Cuadrado, A. and N. Jouve. 1997. Distribution of highly repeated DNA sequences in species of the genus Secale. Genome 40:309-317.

Curto, M. 1998. A new Stipa (Poaceae: Stipeae) from Idaho and Nevada. Madroño 45:57-63

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Dávila Aranda, P.A., R. Lira Garcia, and J. Sánchez Ken. 1998. La familia Gramineae en el estado de Jalisco, Mexico. Boletín del Instituto de Botánica [IBUG (Instituto de Botánica, Universidad de Guadalajara) Boletín Informativo] 5:191-215. Keywords: Poaceae, Mexico, Jalisco.

Dengler, N.G, M.A. Woodvine, P.M. Donnelly, and R. E. Dengler. 1997. Formation of vascular pattern in developing leaves of the C4 grass Arundinella hirta. International Journal of Plant Science 158:1-12.

dePamphilis, C.W., N.D. Young, and A.D. Wolfe. 1997. Evolution of plastid gene rps2 in a lineage of hemiparasitic and holoparastic plants: Many losses of photosynthesis and complex patterns of variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94:7367-7372.

Desvaux, N.A. 1810. Extrait d'un mémoire sur quelques nouveaux genres de la famille des Graminées. Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences 2:187-1890.

Dewey, D.R. 1986. Taxonomy of the Crested Wheatgrasses (Agropyron). Pp. 31-44 in K.L. Johnson (ed.). Crested Wheatgrass: Its Values, Problems and Myths. Symposium proceedings, Logan, Utah, October 3-7,1983. Utah State University, Logan, Utah.

Dillman, A.C. 1946. The beginnings of crested wheatgrass in North America. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy 38:237–250

Dubcovsky, J., A.R. Sclatter, and M. Echaide. 1997. Genome analysis of South American Elymus (Triticeae) and Leymus (Triticeae) species based on variation in repeated nucleotide sequences. Genome 40:505-520. [Good markers found for H genome. Two South American species generally placed in Elymus do not have it. The same species did react to a marker for the Ns genome of Psathyrostachys, as did three species of Leymus. Morphology and habitat also supported transfer of the two species to Leymus: L. erianthus and L. mendocinus].

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Eckenwalder, J.E. 1976. Re-evaluation of Cupressaceae and Taxodiaceae: A proposed merger. Madroño 237-256.

Edgar, E. and M.B. Forde. 1991. Agrostis L. in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 29:139-161.

Edgar, E. 1995. New Zealand species of Deyeuxia P. Beauv. and Lachnagrostis Trin. (Gramineae: Aveneae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 33:11-33.

Ehleringer, J.R., T.E. Cerling, and B.R. Helliker. 1997. C4 photosynthesis, atmospheric CO2, and climate. Oecologia 112:285-299.

Everett, J. 1990. Systematic relationships of the Australian Stipeae. Master's thesis, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

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Fang, D.Q. and M.L. Roose. 1997. Identification of closely related citrus cultivars with inter-simple sequence repeat markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95:408-417.

Fang, D.Q., M.L. Roose, R.R. Krueger, and C.T. Federici. 1997. Fingerprinting ttrifoliate orange germ plasm accessions with isozymes, RFLPs, and inter-simple sequence repeat markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95:211-219.

Flora North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 1993. Flora of North America, vol. 2: Pteridophtyes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York.

Florin, R. 1951. Evolution in cordaites and conifers. Acta Horti Bergiani 15:285-388.

Frederiksen, S. 1986. Revision of Taeniatherum (Poaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany. 6:389-397.

Frederiksen, S. and R. von Bothmer. 1986. Relationships in Taeniatherum (Poaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 64:2343-2347.

Frederiksen, S. and R. von Bothmer. 1994. Intergeneric hybridization with Eremopyrum (Poaceae). Nordic Journal of Botanyany 15:39-47.

Freitag, H. 1975. The genus Piptatherum (Gramineae) in southwest Asia. Notes from the Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh 33:314-408.

Freitag, H. 1985. The genus Stipa (Gramineae) in southwest and south Asia. Notes from the Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh 42:355-489.

Frey, L. 1996. Cheomtaxonomy of the genus Trisetum (Poaceae) in Poland. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 41:537-540.

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Gardner, J., J.P. Jessop, and D.E. Symon. 1996. The escape of Stipa papposa. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 17:173-176.

Gelderen, D.M., P.C. de Jong, and H.J. Oterdoom. 1994. Maples of the World. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Gillespie, L.J., L.L. Consaul, and S.G. Aiken. 1978. Hybridization and the origin of the arctic grass Poa hartzii (Poaceae): Evidence from morphology and chloroplast DNA restriction site data. Canadian Journal of Botany 75:1978-1997.

Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of V
ascular Plants of Northestern United States and Adjacent Canada, ed. 2, rev. A. Cronquist. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

Godwin, I.D., E.A.B. Aitken, and L.W. Smith. 1997. Application of inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers to plant genetics. Electrophoresis 18:1524-1528.

Goward, T., P. Diederich, and R. Rosentreter. 1994. Notes on the lichens and allied fungi of British Columbia. II. The Bryologist 97:56-62.

Grant, V. 1981. Plant Speciation. Columbia University Press, New York.

Grass Phylogeny Working Group. 2001. Phylogeny and subfamilial classification of the grasses (Poaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 88:373-457.

Gupta, M., Y.-S. Chyi, J. Romero-Severson, and J.L. Owen. 1994. Amplification of DNA markers from evolutionarily diverse genomes using single primers of simple-sequence repeats. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 89:998-1006.

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Hackel, E. 1887. Gramineae. Pp. 1-97 in A. Engler and K. Prantl (eds.). Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Teil II, 2. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Hart, J.A. 1987. A cladistic analysis of conifers: Preliminary results. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 68:269-307.

Hawksworth, D.L. and A.Y. Rossman. 1997. Where are all the undescribed fungi? Phytopathology 87:888-891.

Hayward, G.D. and R. Rosentreter. 1994. Lichens as nesting material for northern flying squirrels in the northern Rocky Mountains. Journal of Mammology 75:663-673.

Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 1998. A revision of the Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. complex (Poaceae: Chloridoideae). Brittonia 50:23-50.

Heywood, V.H. (ed.). 1978. Flowering Plants of the World. Mayflower Books, New York. [There is a second edition, published by Oxford University Press. Both editions are a great resource for information about plant families].

Hignight, K.W., J.K. Wipff, and S.L. Hatch. 1988. Grasses (Poaceae) of the Texas Cross Timbers and Prairies. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station, Texas.

Hintum, T.J.L. van, R. von Bothmer, and D.L. Visser. 1995. Sampling strategies for composing a core collection of cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare s.l.) collected in China. Hereditas 122:7-17.

Hitchcock, A.S. 1935. Grasses of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Hitchcock, A.S. 1951. Grasses of the United States, ed. 2, rev. A. Chase. U.S.D.A. Misc. Publ. 200. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Hodkinson, T.R., M.W. Chase, and S.A. Renvoize. 2002. Characterization of a genetic resource collection for Miscanthus (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) Using AFLP and ISSR PCR. Annals of Botany 89:627-636.

Holmgren, P.K., N.H. Holmgren, and L.C. Barnett (eds). 1990. Index Herbariorum. Part 1: The Herbaria of the World. Regnum Vegetabile [series], vol. 120. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

Horne, F. and A. Kahn. 1997. Phylogeny of North American wild rice, a theory. Southwestern Naturalist 42:423-434. Keywords: Zizania, Phylogeny, DNA, Isozymes.

Hsiao, C., S.W.L. Jacobs, N.P. Barker, and N.J. Chatterton. 1998. A molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Arundinoideae (Poaceae) based on sequences of rDNA. Australian Systematic Botany 11:41-52. [Supports the hypothesis that the subfamily is monophyletic. Danthonieae is monophyletic, but not the Arundineae].

Hultén, E. 1960. Flora of the Aleutian Islands, ed. 2. J. Cramer, Weinheim, Germany.

Hultén, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories: A Manual of Vascular Plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.

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Ingram, A.I. and J.J. Doyle. 2004. Is Eragrostis (Poaceae) Monophyletic? Insights from nuclear and plastid sequence data. Systematic Botany 29:545-592.

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Jaaska, V. 1993. Isozymes in the evaluation of germplasm diversityin wild diploid relatives of cultivated wheat. Pp. 247-257 in A. B. Damania (ed.). Biodiversity and Wheat Improvement. ICARDA [International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas], Aleppo, Syria. J. Wiley, Chichester, New York.

Jaaska, V. 1994. Isozyme evidence on the systematics of Hordeum section Marina (Poaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 191:213-226.

Jaaska, V. 1997. Isozyme differences between the wild diploid and tetraploid wheats. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 44:137-146.

Jacobs, S.W.L. 2001.

Jacobs, S.W.L. and J. Everett. 1973. Jarava plumosa (Gramineae), a new combination for the species formerly known as Stipa papposa. Telopea 7:301-302.

Jacobs, S.W.L. and J. Everett. 1996. Austrostipa, a new genus, and new names for Australasian species formerly included in Stipa (Gramineae). Telopea 6:579-595.

Jacobs, S.W.L., J. Everett, M.E. Barkworth, and C. Hsiao. 2000. Relationships within the Stipoid grasses (Gramineae). Pp. 75-82 in S.W.L. Jacobs and J. Everett (eds). 2000. Grasses: Systematics and Evolution. International Symposium on Grass Systematics and Evolution (3rd:1998). CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia.

Jacobs, S.W.L., J. Everett, H.E. Connor, and E. Edgar. 1989. Stipoid grasses in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 27:569-582.

Jacobsen, N. and R. von Bothmer. 1995. Taxonomy in the Hordeum murinum complex (Poaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany. 449-458.

Janczyk-Weglarska, J. 1997. An ex situ evological experiment on the morphological and developmental variation of Calamagrostis epigejos (Poaceae). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 42:239-247.

Jarvie, J.K. 1992. Taxonomy of Elytrigia sect. Caespitosae and sect. Junceae (Gramineae: Triticeae). Nordic Journal of Botany. 12:155-169.

Jarvie, J.K. and M.E. Barkworth. 1993. Elytrigia. Pp. 1256-1257 in J.C. Hickman (ed.). The Jepson Manual of the Higher Plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Jensen, K.B. and K.H. Asay. 1996. Cytology and morphology of Elymus hoffmanii (Poaceae: Triticeae): A new species from the Erzurum province of Turkey. International Journal of Plant Science 157:750-758.

Jensen, K.B. and R.R.-C. Wang. 1997. Cytological and molecular evidence for transferring Elymus coreanus from the genus Elymus to Leymus and molecular evidence for Elymus californicus (Poaceae: Triticeae). International Journal of Plant Science 158:872-877. [Both species have been included in Hystrix, the type species of which is E. hystrix (Hystrix patula), an eastern North American species. RAPD genome markers state that both species react positively with RAPD markers for the Ns marker that occurs in Psathyrostachys and Leymus. Crosses and chromosome length also support inclusion of E. coreanus in Leymus. Elymus californicus did not flower, so no crossing or chromosome data were obtained for it. Morphological and habitat characteristics of the two species are not mentioned, nor is Elymus hystrix.]

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