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Leymus
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Roegneria
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Thinopyrum
Triticum

 

 

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Amblyopyrum
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Triticum

 

 

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Amblyopyrum
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Erianthus
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Roegneria
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Thinopyrum
Triticum

 

 

Triticeae home page
Amblyopyrum
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Dasypyrum
Elymus
Eremopyrum
Erianthus
Festucopsis
Leymus
Pascopyrum
Peridictyon
Pseudoroegneria
Roegneria
Stenostachys
Thinopyrum
Triticum

 

 

Triticeae home page
Amblyopyrum
Agropyron
Dasypyrum
Elymus
Eremopyrum
Erianthus
Festucopsis
Leymus
Pascopyrum
Peridictyon
Pseudoroegneria
Roegneria
Stenostachys
Thinopyrum
Triticum

 

 

This page has been developed in partial response to requests at a workshop held in conjunction with the  Wheat Genetics Symposium in Saskatoon, 1998.  It gives the synonymy for the species of Triticum that have been found or frequently grown in North America north of Mexico and is based on the treatment submitted by Dr. Laura A. Morrison for inclusion in the Manual of Grasses for the Continental United States and Canada. Eventually, I hope to link the listed species to images that will help in identification.  

Names in bold are accepted; names in italics are synonyms.  This material is not copyrighted (in other words, you are welcome to copy it).Citations of authorities and literature follows international standards.  The text was largely prepared and edited by Dr. Kathleen Capels in connection with her work as Associate Editor of the Manual.  
Mary Barkworth

TRITICUM L., Sp. pl. 1:85. TYPE: Triticum aestivum L. [The following list includes the more commonly encountered synonyms for Triticum. Specialist literature should be consulted for a more complete treatment of the synonymy for this genus.]

Spelta Wolf, Gen. pl. 22 (1776). TYPE: Triticum spelta L. [R. Ross, Acta Bot. Neerl. 15:160 (1966)].

Crithodium Link, Linnaea 9:132 (1834). TYPE: Crithodium aegilopoides Link [=Triticum boeoticum Boiss.].

Gigachilon Seidl in Bercht. & Seidl, Oekon.-techn. fl. Böhm. 1:425 (1836). Deina Alef., Landw. Fl. 335 (1866). TYPE: Gigachilon polonicum (L.) Seidl [=Triticum polonicum L.].

Nivieria Ser., Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 5:111, 114 (1842). TYPE: Nivieria monococcum (L.) Ser. [=Triticum monococcum L.].

Triticum aestivum L., Sp. pl. 1:85 (1753), nom. cons. Triticum cereale var. aestivum (L.) Baumg., Enum. stirp. Transsilv. 3:266 (1817); Triticum vulgare var. aestivum (L.) Spenner, Fl. friburg. 1:163 (1825); Triticum sativum var. aestivum (L.) A.W. Wood, Class-book bot., ed. 2, 619 (1847); Zeia vulgaris var. aestiva (L.) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4:226 (1915). Triticum hybernum L., Sp. pl. 1:86 (1753). Triticum segetale Salisb., Prodr. stirp. Chapel Allerton 27 (1796). TYPE: BM (Clifford Herb. 24, Triticum No. 3), typ. cons.

Triticum sativum Lam., Fl. franç. 3:625 (1779) [title page 1778]. TYPE: France.

Triticum vulgare Vill., Hist. pl. Dauphiné 2:153 (1787); Triticum aestivum subsp. vulgare (Vill.) Thell., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38:145 (1912). TYPE: France.

Triticum cereale Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1:387 (1789). TYPE: Germany: Bavaria.

Triticum compactum Host, Icones descr. gram. austriac. 4:4 (1809); Triticum sativum var. compactum (Host) Hackel in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Teil II, 2:85 (1887); Triticum aestivum subsp. compactum (Host) Thell., Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17:471 (1918). TYPE: "Stiria" [Austria: Steiermark].

Triticum boeoticum Boiss., Diagn. pl. orient., Ser. 1, pt. 13:69 (1854). Triticum monococcum subsp. boeoticum (Boiss.) A. Löve & D. Löve, Bot. Not. 114: 49 (1961). TYPE: "Boeotia" [Greece]: mid-Greece; W. Spruner.

Crithodium aegilopoides Link, Linnaea 9:132 (1834); Triticum aegilopoides (Link) Balansa ex Körn in Körn. & H. Werner, Handbuch des Getreidebaus 1:109 (1885), non Forsskål (1775); Triticum monococcum subsp. aegilopoides (Link) Thell., Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17:470 (1918); Crithodium monococcum subsp. aegilopoides (Link) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:490 (1984). TYPE: Greece: between Návplion and Corinth.

Triticum monococcum var. lasiorrachis Boiss., Fl. orient. 5:673 (1884). TYPE: Greece: Argolide and Achaia.

Triticum thaoudar Reuter ex Hausskn., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.s., 13:66 (1899); Triticum boeoticum subsp. thaoudar (Reuter ex Hausskn.) Grossh., Fl. Kavk., ed. 2, 1:350 (1939). TYPE: G; Greece; summer 1885.

Triticum carthlicum Nevski in Roshev. in Kom., Fl. URSS 2:685 (1934). Triticum turgidum subsp. carthlicum (Nevski) A. Löve & D. Löve, Bot. Not. 114:49 (1961); Gigachilon polonicum subsp. carthlicum (Nevski) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:496 (1984). Triticum dicoccum var. persicum Percival, Wheat Plant 196 (1921). Triticum persicum Vavilov in Zhuk., Trudy. Prikl. Bot. Selekts. 13:46, pl. 912 (1923). Triticum paradoxum Parodi, Revista Argent. Agron. 7:49 (1940). TYPE: "Transcaucasia" [Russia/Georgia/Azerbaijan]; P. Zhukovsky.

Triticum dicoccoides (Körn.) Körn. ex Schweinf., Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 26:309 (1908). Triticum vulgare var. dicoccoides Körn., Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westfalens Reg.-Bez. Osnabrück 46:21 (1889); Triticum sativum subsp. dicoccum var. dicoccoides (Körn.) Asch. & Graebner, Syn. mitteleur. Fl. 21:679 (1901); Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccoides (Körn.) Thell., Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17:470 (1918); Triticum turgidum var. dicoccoides (Körn.) Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 37:671 (1959); Gigachilon polonicum subsp. dicoccoides (Körn) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:496 (1984). Triticum hermonis Cook, U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. 274:13 (1913). TYPE: "Palestine" [Lebanon/Syria]: Antilibanon [Anti-Lebanon or Sharqi Al-Jabal]; 1855; K.G.T. Kotschy.

Triticum dicoccum Schrank ex Schübler, Diss. char. descr. cereal. 29 (1818). [Triticum spelta * dicoccon Schrank, Baier Fl. 1:389 (1789) is a provisional name. Although commonly used, "dicoccon" is not the valid basionym for this species.] Triticum vulgare subsp. dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübler) Körn. in Körn. & H. Werner, Handbuch des Getreidebaus 1:41, 81 (1885); Triticum sativum dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübler) Hackel in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Teil II, 2:81, 84 (1887); Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübler) Thell., Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17:470 (1918); Gigachilon polonicum subsp. dicoccum [as "dicoccon"] (Schrank ex Schübler) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:497 (1984). TYPE: Germany: Bavaria, Stuttgart; H.R. Kerner.

Triticum amyleum Ser., Mél. bot. 1:124 (1818); Spelta amylea Ser., Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 5:114 (1842). TYPE: France.

Triticum durum Desf., Fl. atlant. 1:114 (1798). Triticum aestivum var. durum (Desf.) Fiori in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 108 (1896); Triticum turgidum subsp. durum (Desf.) Husnot, Graminées 80 (1899); Triticum aestivum subsp. durum (Desf.) Thell., Fl. adv. Montpellier 243 (1912); Gigachilon polonicum subsp. durum (Desf.) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:497 (1984). HOL: P(P-Desf.); "Barbary" [North Africa]; R. Desfontaines.

Triticum monococcum L., Sp. pl. 1:86 (1753). Nivieria monococcum (L.) Ser., Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4:373 (1841); Triticum vulgare var. monococcum Alef., Landw. Fl. 333 (1866); Triticum monococcum var. eumonococcum Hayek & Markgr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30, 3:228 (1932); Crithodium monococcum (L.) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:490 (1984). TYPE: LINN 104.4; [no locality cited].

Triticum pubescens M.-Bieb., Beschreibung der Länder zwischen der Flüssen Terek und Kur 81 (1800). TYPE: cultivated specimens from Europe.

Triticum monococcum B. cereale Asch. & Graebner, Syn. mitteleur Fl. 21:702 (1901); Triticum monococcum subsp. cereale (Asch. & Graebner) Thell., Naturwiss Wochenschr. 17:470 (1918). TYPE: Europe.

Triticum sinskajae A.A. Filatenko & U.K. Kurkiev, Trudy Prikl. Bot. 54:239 (1975). TYPE: Turkey.

Triticum polonicum L., Sp. pl., ed. 2, 1:127 (1762). Gigachilon polonicum (L.) Seidl in Bercht. & Seidl, Oekon.-techn. fl. Böhm. 1:425 (1836); Deina polonica (L.) Alef., Landw. Fl. 336 (1866); Triticum turgidum subsp. polonicum (L.) Thell., Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17:470 (1918). Triticum laevissimum Haller, Hist. stirp. Helv. 209 (1768). Triticum glaucum Moench, Methodus 174 (1794), non Honck. (1782). TYPE: not designated.

Triticum maximum Vill., Hist. pl. Dauphiné 2:158 (1787). TYPE: France.

Triticum spelta L., Sp. pl. 1:86 (1753). Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta (L.) Thell., Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 17:471 (1918). LEC: LINN 104.1 [L. Morrison, Taxon 47: [page?] (1998)].

Triticum timopheevii (Zhuk.) Zhuk., Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19:64, f. 1-3 (1928). Triticum dicoccoides dicoccum var. timopheevii [as "timopheevi"] Zhuk., Zap. Nauchno-Prikl. Otd. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 3:1, f. 7 (1923); Triticum turgidum var. timopheevii (Zhuk.) Bowden, Canad. J. Bot. 37:671 (1959); Triticum turgidum subsp. timopheevii (Zhuk.) A. Löve & D. Löve, Bot. Not. 114:50 (1961); Gigachilon timopheevii (Zhuk.) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:497 (1984). TYPE: Georgia: upper Kartalinia, near Asarma; 1922; P. Zhukovsky.

Triticum turgidum L., Sp. pl. 1:86 (1753). Triticum sativum var. turgidum (L.) Delile, Descr. Égypte, Hist. nat. 2 (Florae aegyptiacae illustratio):53 (1813); Triticum aestivum var. turgidum (L.) Fiori in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 1:108 (1896); Triticum aestivum subsp. turgidum (L.) Domin, Preslia 13-15:43 (1935); Gigachilon polonicum subsp. turgidum (L.) A. Löve, Feddes Repert. 95:497 (1984). Triticum compositum L., Syst. veg., ed. 13, ed. Murray, 108 (1774). LEC: L 913.62-257; van Royen Herb. [L. Morrison, Taxon 47: [page?] (1998)].

Triticum urartu Thumanjan ex Gandilyan, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57:176 (1972). TYPE: LE; Armenia: near Vokchaberd and Gekhadir [southeast of Jerevan]; 1968; P.A. Gandilyan.