GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY, FNA VOLS. 24 and 25

The General Bibliography shows the complete citation for all of the “Selected References” in FNA volumes 24 and 25. The notes in square brackets refer to treatment(s) in which a reference is cited, but many of the references are of more general application. Book titles are listed in full; the names of journals are abbreviated according to Lawrence et al. (1968) and its supplement (Bridson and Smith 1991).

To increase the value of this resource for those engaged in grass systematics, we shall continue to add references to this listing. They will be identified as "Post publication" in the square brackets that follow the citation.

[updated December 10, 2006]

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Aares, E., M. Nurminiemi, and C. Brochmann. 2000. Incongruent phylogeographies in spite of similar morphology, ecology, and distribution: Phippsia algida and P. concinna (Poaceae) in the North Atlantic region. Pl. Syst. Evol. 220:241–261. [Phippsia.]

Adati, S. and I. Shiotani. 1962. The cytotaxonomy of the genus Miscanthus and its phylogenetic status. Bull. Fac. Agric. Mie Univ. 25:1–24. [Miscanthus.]

Aiken, S.G. and R.A. Buck. 2002. Aquatic leaves and regeneration of last year's straw in the arctic grass Arctophila fulva. Canad. Field-Naturalist 116:81–86. [Arctophila.]

Aiken, S.G. and L.L. Consaul. 1995. Leaf cross sections and phytogeography: A potent combination for identifying members of Festuca subgg. Festuca and Leucopoa (Poaceae), occurring in North America. Amer. J. Bot. 82:1287–1299. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., L.L. Consaul, and M.J. Dallwitz. 1995 on. Grasses of the Canadian arctic archipelago: Descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. [Anthoxanthum, Arctagrostis, Deschampsia, ×Dupoa, Phippsia.] http://www.mun.ca/biology/delta/arcticf/poa/index.htm

Aiken, S.G., L.L. Consaul, J.I. Davis, and P.S. Manos. 1993. Systematic inferences from variation in isozyme profiles of arctic and alpine cespitose Festuca (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 80:76–82. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., L.L. Consaul, and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1995. Festuca edlundiae (Poaceae), a high arctic, new species compared enzymatically and morphologically with similar Festuca species. Syst. Bot. 20:374–392. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., M.J. Dallwitz, C.L. McJannet, and L.L. Consaul. 1997. Biodiversity among Festuca (Poaceae) in North America: Diagnostic evidence from DELTA and clustering programs, and an INTKEY package for interactive, illustrated identification and information retrieval. Canad. J. Bot. 75:1572–1555. [Festuca, Schedonorus.]

Aiken, S.G., M.J. Dallwitz, C.L. McJannet, and L.L. Consaul. 1997. Fescue Grasses of North America: Interactive Identification and Information Retrieval. [Lolium.] http://delta-intkey.com/festuca/index.htm

Aiken, S.G. and S.J. Darbyshire. 1990. Fescue Grasses of Canada. Agriculture Canada Publ. 1844/E. Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 113 pp. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., S.J. Darbyshire, and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1985. Restricted taxonomic value of leaf sections in Canadian narrow–leaved Festuca (Poaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 63:995–1007. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G. and G. Fedak. 1991. Cytotaxonomic observations on North American Festuca (Poaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 70:1940–1944. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G. and S.E. Gardiner. 1991. SDS-PAGE of seed proteins in Festuca (Poaceae): Taxonomic implications. Canad. J. Bot. 69:1425–1432. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., S.E. Gardiner, and M.B. Forde. 1992. Taxonomic implications of SDS-PAGE analysis of seed proteins in North American taxa of Festuca subgenus Festuca (Poaceae). Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 20:615–629. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., P.F. Lee, D. Punter, and J.M. Stewart. 1988. Wild Rice in Canada. Agriculture Canada Publication 1830. NC Press, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. [Zizania.]

Aiken, S.G. and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1984. The taxonomic value of using epidermal characteristics in the Canadian rough fescue complex (Festuca altaica, F. campestris, F. hallii, "F. scabrella"). Canad. J. Bot. 62:1864–1870. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G. and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1990. Arctagrostis (Poaceae) in North America and Greenland. Canad. J. Bot. 68:2422–2432. [Arctagrostis.]

Aiken, S.G. and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1993. On the separation of two species within Festuca subg. Obtusae (Poaceae). Taxon 42:323–337. [Festuca.]

Aiken, S.G., L.P. Lefkovitch, S.E. Gardiner, and W.W. Mitchell. 1994. Evidence against the existence of varieties in Arctagrostis latifolia ssp. arundinacea (Poaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 72:1039–1050. [Arctagrostis.]

Ainouche, M.L., R.J. Bayer, J.-P. Gourret, A. Defontaine, and M.-T. Misset. 1999. The allotetraploid invasive weed Bromus hordeaceus L. (Poaceae): Genetic diversity, origin and molecular evolution. Folia Geobot. 34:405–419. [Bromus.]

Alderson, J. and W.C. Sharp. 1995. Grass Varieties in the United States. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 296 pp. [Previously published by the Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, as Agricultural Handbook No. 170. revised 1994]. [Cynodon.]

Alexeev, E.B. 1977. To the systematics of Asian fescues (Festuca): I. Subgenera Drymanthele, Subulatae, Schedonorus, Leucopoa. Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s., 82(3):95–102. [In Russian.] [Festuca.]

Alexeev, E.B. 1980. Festuca L.: Subgenera et sectiones novae ex America bortealii et Mexico. Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 17:42–53. [In Russian.] [Festuca.]

Alexeev, E.B. 1982. New and little known fescues (Festuca L.) of North America. Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s. 87(2):109–118. [In Russian.] [Festuca.]

Alexeev, E.B. 1985. Festuca L. (Poaceae) in Alaska et Canada. Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 22:5–35. [In Russian.] [Festuca.]

Alice, L.A., G.G. Borneo, and K.W. Hilu. 2000. Systematics of Chloris (Chloridoideae, Poaceae) and related genera: Evidence from nuclear ITS and chloroplast matK sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 87:108–109. [Eustachys.]

Aliscioni, S.S., L.M. Giussani, F.O. Zuloaga, and E.A. Kellogg. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of Panicum (Poaceae: Paniceae): Tests of monophylly and phylogenetic placement within the Panicoideae. Amer. J. Bot. 90:796–821. [Urochloa.]

Allred, K.W. 1983. Systematics of the Bothriochloa saccharoides complex (Poaceae: Andropogoneae). Syst. Bot. 8:168–184. [Bothriochloa.]

Allred, K.W. 1984. Morphologic variation and classification of the North American Aristida purpurea complex. Brittonia 36:382–395. [Aristida.]

Allred, K.W. 1984, 1985, 1986. Studies in the genus Aristida (Gramineae) of the southeastern United States. Rhodora 86:73–77; 87:137–145, 145–155; 88:367–387. [Aristida.]

Allred, K.W. 1993a. Bromus, section Pnigma, in New Mexico, with a key to the bromegrasses of the state. Phytologia 74:319–345. [Bromus.]

Allred, K.W. 1993b. A Field Guide to the Grasses of New Mexico. New Mexico Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Agricultural Communications. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. 258 pp. [Hackelochloa.]

Allred, K.W. and F.W. Gould. 1978. Geographic variation in the Dichanthelium aciculare complex (Poaceae). Brittonia 30:497–504. [Dichanthelium.]

Anamthawat-Jónsson, K. 2005. The Leymus Ns-genome. Czech J. Genet. Pl. Breed. 41 (Special Issue):13–20. [Leymus, Psathyrostachys.]

Anderson, D.E. 1961. Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Phalaris. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 36:1–96. [Phalaris.]

Anderson, D.E. 1974. Taxonomy of the genus Chloris (Gramineae). Brigham Young Univ. Sci. Bull., Biol. Ser. 19:1–133. [Chloris, Enteropogon, Eustachys.]

Anderson, H.M. 1991. Melinis P. Beauv. Pp. 210–213 in G.E. Gibbs Russell, L. Watson, M. Koekemoer, L. Smook, N.P. Barker, H.M. Anderson, and M.J. Dallwitz. Grasses of Southern Africa (O.A. Leistner, series ed.). National Botanic Gardens, Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa. 437 pp. [Melinis.]

Anderson, J.E. and A.A. Reznicek. 1994. Glyceria maxima (Poaceae) in New England. Rhodora 96:97–101. [Glyceria.]

Anderson, L.C. and D.W. Hall. 1993. Luziola bahiensis (Poaceae): New to Florida. Sida 15:619–622. [Luziola.]

Angiosperm Phylogeny Working Group. 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85:531–553. [Introduction (vol. 25).]

Anton, A.M. 1981. The genus Tragus (Gramineae). Kew Bull. 36:55–61. [Tragus.]

Anton, A.M. and A.T. Hunziker. 1978. El género Munroa (Poaceae): Sinopsis morfológica y taxonómica. Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. 52:229–232. [Munroa.]

Argus, G.W. and K.M. Pryer. 1990. Rare Vascular Plants in Canada: Our Natural Heritage. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 191 pp. [Puccinellia.]

Arnow, L.A. 1994. Koeleria macrantha and K. pyramidata (Poaceae): Nomenclatural problems and biological distinctions. Syst. Bot. 19:6–20. [Koeleria.]

Arriaga, M.O. 1983. Anatomía foliar de las especies de Stipa del subgénero Pappostipa (Stipeae—Poaceae) de Argentina. Revista Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat., Bernardino Rivadavia Inst. Nac. Invest. Ci. Nat., Bot. 6:89–141. [Jarava.]

Arriaga, M.O. and M.E. Barkworth. 2006. Amelichloa: A new genus in the Stipeae (Poaceae). Sida 22:145–149. [Achnatherum.]

Asay, K.H. and D.R. Dewey. 1979. Bridging ploidy differences in crested wheatgrass with hexaploid × diploid hybrids. Crop Sci. (Madison) 19:519–523. [Agropyron.]

Asay, K.H., K.B. Jensen, C. Hsiao, and D.R. Dewey. 1992. Probable origin of standard crested wheatgrass, Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) Schultes. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 72:763–772. [Agropyron.]

Asins, M.J., J.L. Carretero, A. Del Busto, E.A. Carbonell, and D. Gomez de Barreda. 1999. Morphologic and isozyme variation in barnyard grass (Echinochloa) weed species. Weed Technol. 13:209–215. [Echinochloa.]

Assadi, M. 1994. The genus Elymus L. (Poaceae) in Iran: Biosystematic studies and generic delimitation. Ph.D. dissertation, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. 104 pp. [Thinopyrum.]

Assadi, M. and H. Runemark. 1995. Hybridization, genomic constitution and generic delimitation in Elymus s.l. (Poaceae, Triticeae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 194:189–205. [Pseudoroegneria.]

Assafa, S., C.M. Taliaferro, M.P. Anderson, B.G. de los Reyes, and R.M. Edwards. 1999. Diversity among Cynodon accessions and taxa based on DNA simplification fingerprinting. Genome 42:465–474. [Cynodon.]

Auquier, P. 1971. Festuca rubra subsp. pruinosa (Hack.) Piper: Morphologie, écologie, taxonomie. Lejeunia, n.s., 56:1–16. [Festuca.]

Baaijens, G.J. and J.F. Veldkamp. 1991. Sporobolus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35:393–458. [Sporobolus, Thysanolaena.]

Baden, C. 1991. A taxonomic revision of Psathyrostachys (Poaceaea). Nordic J. Bot. 11:3–26. [Psathyrostachys.]

Baeza P., C.M. 1996. Los géneros Danthonia DC. y Rytidosperma Steud. (Poaceae) en América—Una revisión. Sendtnera 3:11–93. [Danthonia.]

Baird, J.R. and J.W. Thieret. 1985. Notes on Themeda quadrivalvis (Poaceae) in Louisiana. Isleya 2:129–137. [Themeda.]

Baldini, R.M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. Webbia 49:265–329. [Phalaris.]

Banks, D.J. 1966. Taxonomy of Paspalum setaceum (Gramineae). Sida 2:269–284. [Paspalum.]

Barber, J.C., S.S. Aliscioni, L.M. Giussani, J.D. Noll, M.R. Duvall, and E.A. Kellogg. 2002. Combined analyses of three independent datasets to investigate phylogeny of Poaceae subfamily Panicoideae [abstract]. [Paniceae, Panicoideae.] http://www.botany2002.org/

Barker, C.M. and C.A. Stace. 1982. Hybridization in the genera Vulpia and Festuca: The production of artificial F1 plants. Nordic J. Bot. 2:435–444. [Festuca.]

Barker, N.P., H.P. Linder, and E.H. Harley. 1995. Polyphyly of Arundinoideae (Poaceae): Evidence from rbcL sequence data. Syst. Bot. 20:423–435. [Arundinoideae, Chloridoideae.]

Barker, N.P., H.P. Linder, and E.H. Harley. 1998. Sequences of the grass-specific insert in the chloroplast rpoC2 gene elucidate generic relationships of the Arundinoideae (Poaceae). Syst. Bot. 23:327–350. [Arundinoideae.]

Barker, N.P., C.M. Morton, and H.P. Linder. 2000. The Danthonieae: Generic composition and relationships. Pp. 221–229 in Grasses: Systematics and Evolution (S.W.L. Jacobs and J. Everett, eds.). CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. 408 pp. [Cortaderia, Danthonioideae.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1977. A taxonomic study of the large-glumed species of Stipa (Gramineae) in Canada. Canad. J. Bot. 56:606–625. [Hesperostipa.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1981. Foliar epidermes and the taxonomy of North American Stipeae (Gramineae). Syst. Bot. 6:136–152. [Achnatherum.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1982. Embryological characters and the taxonomy of the Stuipeae (Gramineae). Taxon 31:233–243. [Achnatherum.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1983. Ptilagrostis in North America and its relationship to other Stipeae (Gramineae). Syst. Bot. 8:395–419. [Ptilagrostis.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1990. Nassella (Gramineae: Stipeae): Revised interpretation and nomenclatural changes. Taxon 39:597–614. [Nassella.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1993. Nassella. Pp. 1274–1276 in The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California (J.C. Hickman, ed.). University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California. 1400 pp. [Nassella.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1993. North American Stipeae (Gramineae): Taxonomic changes and other comments. Phytologia 74:1–25. [Achnatherum, Stipeae.]

Barkworth, M.E. 1997. Taxonomic and nomenclatural comments on the Triticeae in North America. Phytologia 83:302–311. [1997 on title page; printed in 1998.] [Elymus, Thinopyrum.]

Barkworth, M.E. 2000. Changing perceptions in the Triticeae. Pp. 1101–20 in Grasses: Systematics and Evolution (S.W.L. Jacobs and J. Everett, eds.). CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. 408 pp. [Elymus.]

Barkworth, M.E. 2006. A new hybrid genus and 12 new combinations in North American grasses. Sida 22:495–501. [×Elyleymus.]

Barkworth, M.E., L.K. Anderton, J. McGrew, and D.E. Giblin. Geography and morphology of the Bromus carinatus (Poaceae: Bromeae) complex. Madroño 53:235–245. [Bromus.]

Barkworth, M.E. and R.J. Atkins. 1984. Leymus Hochst. (Gramineae: Triticeae) in North America: Taxonomy and distribution. Amer. J. Bot. 71:609–625. [Leymus.]

Barkworth, M.E. and R. von Bothmer. 2005. Twenty-one years later: Löve and Dewey's genomic classification proposal. Czech J. Genet. Pl. Breed. 41 (Special Issue):3–9. [Elymus.]

Barkworth, M.E. and K.M. Capels. 2000. The Poaceae in North America: A geographic perspective. Pp. 327–346 in Grasses: Systematics and Evolution (S.W.L. Jacobs and J. Everett, eds.). CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. 408 pp. [Introduction, Chloridoideae, Paniceae, Panicoideae.]

Barkworth, M.E. and D.R. Dewey. 1985. Genomically based genera in the perennial Triticeae of North America: Identification and membership. Amer. J. Bot. 72:767–776. [Triticeae.]

Barkworth, M.E. and J. Everett. 1987. Evolution in the Stipeae: Identification and relationships of its monophyletic taxa. Pp. 251–264 in Grass Systematics and Evolution (T.R. Soderstrom, K.W. Hilu, C.S. Campbell, and M.E. Barkworth, eds.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 473 pp. [Hesperostipa, Stipa.]

Barkworth, M.E. and J. Linman. 1984. Stipa lemmonii (Vasey) Scribner (Poaceae): A taxonomic and distributional study. Madroño 31:48–56. [Achnatherum.]

Barkworth, M.E. and M.A. Torres. 2001. Distribution and diagnostic characters of Nassella (Poaceae: Stipeae). Taxon 50:439–468. [Nassella.]

Barnes, P.W. 1986. Variation in the big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)–sand bluestem (Andropogon hallii) complex along a local dune/meadow gradient in the Nebraska sandhills. Amer. J. Bot. 73:172–184. [Andropogon.]

Barrett, S.C.H. and D.E. Seaman. 1980. The weed flora of California rice fields. Aquatic Bot. 9:351–376. [Echinochloa.]

Bartlett, E., S.J. Novak, and R.N. Mack. 2002. Genetic variation in Bromus tectorum (Poaceae): Differentiation in the eastern United States. Amer. J. Bot. 89:602–612. [Bromus.]

Baum, B.R. 1977. Oats: Wild and Cultivated; A Monograph of the Genus Avena L. (Poaceae). Biosystematics Research Institute Monograph No. 14. Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 463 pp. [Avena.]

Baum, B.R. 1978. The status of Hordeum brachyantherum in eastern Canada, with related discussions. Canad. J. Bot. 56:107–109. [Hordeum.]

Baum, B.R. and L.G. Bailey. 1990. Key and synopsis of North American Hordeum species. Canad. J. Bot. 68:2433–2442. [Hordeum.]

Baum, B.R., C. Yen, and J.-L. Yang. 1991. Roegneria: Its generic limits and justification for its recognition. Canad. J. Bot. 69:282–294. [Triticeae.]

Bay, C. 1992. A phytogeographical study of the vascular plants of northern Greenland—north of 74º northern latitude. Meddel. Grønland, Biosci. 36:1–102. [Phippsia.]

Beal, W.J. 1896. Grasses of North America, Vol. 2. Henry Holt & Company, New York, New York. 706 pp. [Festuca.]

Beetle, A.A. 1943. The North American variations of Distichlis spicata. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70:638–650. [Distichlis.]

Beetle, A.A. 1948. The genus Aegopogon Humbold. & Bonpl. Univ. Wyoming Publ. 13:17&ndash23. [Aegopogon.]

Beetle, A.A. 1950. Buffalograss–native of the shortgrass plains. Wyoming Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 293:1–31. [Buchloë.]

Belk, E. 1939. Studies in the anatomy and morphology of the spikelet and flower of the Gramineae. Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 183 pp. [Anthoxanthum.]

Bennett, B.A. 2006. Siberian wild rye (Elymus sibiricus L., Poaceae) in western North America: Native or introduced? BEN [Botanical Electronic News] #366. [Elymus.] http://www.ou.edu/cas/botany-micro/ben/. [Elymus.]

Bernhardt, K.G., M. Koch, E. Ulbel, and J. Webhofer. 2004. The soil seed bank as a resource for in situ and ex situ conservation of extinct species. Pp. [unknown] in EuroGard III: Papers from the Third European Botanic Gardens Congress and the Second European Botanic Gardens Education Congress (BEDUCO II) (E. Robbrecht and A. Bogaerts, eds.). Scripta Botanica Belgica Series, No. 29. National Botanic Garden, Meise, Belgium. 177 pp. [Coleanthus.]

Björkman, S.O. 1960. Studies in Agrostis and related genera. Symb. Bot. Upsal. 17:1–112. [Agrostis, Podagrostis.]

Black, G.A. 1963. Grasses of the genus Axonopus (a taxonomic treatment) (ed. L.B. Smith). Advancing Frontiers Pl. Sci. 5:1–186. [Axonopus.]

Black, J.M. 1978. Gramineae. Pp. 88–249 in Flora of South Australia, Part I (J.M. Black, ed.), 3rd ed., rev. J.P. Jessop. D.J. Woolman, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. 466 pp. [Dactyloctenium.]

Blattner, F.R. 2006. Multiple intercontinental dispersals shaped the distribution area of Hordeum (Poaceae). New Phytol. 169:603–614. [Hordeum.]

Blumler, M. 2001. Notes and comments. Fremontia 29:36. [Rytidosperma.]

Bödvarsdóttir, S.K. and K. Anamthawat-Jónsson. 2003. Isolation, characterization, and analysis of Leymus-specific DNA sequences. Genome 46:673–682. [Elymus, Leymus, Psathyrostachys.]

Boivin, B. 1967. Énumérations des plantes du Canada VI—Monopsides (2ème partie). Naturaliste Canad. 94: 471–528. [×Pascoleymus]

Boland, J.M. 2006. The importance of laayering in the rapid spread of Arundo donax (Giant Reed). Madroño 53:303–312. [Arundo; post publication]

Boonbundarl, S. 1985. A biosystematic study of the Digitaria leucites complex in North America. Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. 238 pp. [Digitaria.]

Bor, N.L. 1960. The Grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan (Excluding Bambuseae), Vol. 1. International Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Biology, Division: Botany. Pergamon Press, New York, Oxford, London, and Paris. 767 pp. [Hygroryza.]

Borrill, M. 1955. Breeding systems and compatibility in Glyceria. Nature 175:561–563. [Glyceria.]

Bothmer, R. von, N. Jacobsen, C. Baden, R.B. Jørgensen, and I. Linde-Laursen. 1995. An Ecogeographical Study of the Genus Hordeum, 2nd ed. Systematic and Ecogeographic Studies on Crop Genepools No. 7. International Board of Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy. 129 pp. [Hordeum.]

Bothmer, R. von, N. Jacobsen, and R.O. Seberg. 1993. Variation and taxonomy in Hordeum depressum and in the H. brachyantherum complex (Poaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 13:3–17. [Hordeum.]

Bowden, W.M. 1957. Cytotaxonomy of section Psammelymus of the genus Elymus. Canad. J. Bot. 35:951–993. [Leymus.]

Bowden, W.M. 1958. Natural and artificial ×Elymordeum hybrids. Canad. J. Bot. 36:101–123. [×Elyhordeum, Elymus.]

Bowden, W.M. 1959. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses: I. Tribe Triticeae. Canad. J. Bot. 37:1143–1151. [×Elyleymus, Leymus.]

Bowden, W.M. 1960a. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses: III. Festuceae. Canad. J. Bot. 38:117–131. [Glyceria.]
Bowden, W.M. 1960. Typification of Elymus macounii Vasey. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 87:205–208.

Bowden, W.M. 1961. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses: IV. Tribe Festuceae; Poa and Puccinellia. Canad. J. Bot. 39:123–138. [Poa.]

Bowden, W.M. 1964. Cytotaxonomy of the species and interspecific hybrids of the genus Elymus in Canada and neighboring areas. Canad. J. Bot. 42:547–601. [Elymus.]

Bowden, W.M. 1967. Taxonomy of intergeneric hybrids of the tribe Triticeae from North America. Canad. J. Bot. 45:711–724. [Elymus, ×Leydeum.]

Boyle, W.S. 1945. A cytotaxonomic study of the North American species of Melica. Madroño 8:1–26. [Melica.]

Brandenburg, D.M. 1985. Systematic studies in the Poaceae and Cyperaceae. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma. 249 pp. [Arrhenatherum.]

Brandenburg, D.M., W.H. Blackwell, and J.W. Thieret. 1991. Revision of the genus Cinna (Poaceae). Sida 14:581–596. [Cinna.]

Brandenburg, D.M., J.R. Estes, and S.L. Collins. 1991. A revision of Diarrhena (Poaceae) in the United States. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 118:128–136. [Diarrhena.]

Brandenburg, D.M., J.R. Estes, S.D. Russell, and J.W. Thieret. 1991. One-nerved paleas in Cinna arundinacea L. (Poaceae). Trans. Kentucky Acad. Sci. 52:94–96. [Cinna.]

Brandenburg, D.M., J.R. Estes, and J.W. Thieret. 1991. Hard grass (Sclerochloa dura, Poaceae) in the United States. Sida 14:369–376. [Sclerochloa.]

Brandenburg, D.M. and J.W. Thieret. 1996. Sclerochloa dura (Poaceae) in Kentucky. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 57:47–48. [Sclerochloa.]

Brandenburg, D.M. and J.W. Thieret. 2000. Cinna and Limnodea (Poaceae): Not congeneric. Sida 19:195–200. [Cinna, Limnodea.]

Bremer, K. 2000. Early Cretaceous lineages of monocot flowering plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. [PNAS] 97:4707–4711. [Poaceae.]

Bremer, K. 2002. Gondwanan evolution of the grass alliance of families (Poales). Evolution 56:1374–1387. [Poaceae.]

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